The world right now is more or less in chaos due to various tangible and intangible factors which were not even thought of during the past centuries. Time has come when we have to forget of which part of the world we belong to for a while and take a peep to the world scenario. Yes, we belong to this very Earth and whole Earth is what we have and nothing less and nothing more.
Not only the world war can destroy what we have; the bundles of tragedies like poverty, hunger, illiteracy, etc are enough to blow up the beauty of the only Planet we have. So what should be done as an attempt? This question was answered by the eight millennium Development Goals that were officially established following the Millennium Summit of the United Nations in 2000, following the adoption of the United Nations Millennium Declaration. Keeping the target of the year 2015, all the 189 UN member countries have agreed to achieve following goals;
- Eradicating extreme poverty and hunger,
- Achieving universal primary education,
- Promoting gender equality and empowering women,
- Reducing child mortality rates,
- Improving maternal health,
- Combating HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other diseases,
- Ensuring environmental sustainability and,
- Developing a global partnership for development
The Millennium Development Goals were set realizing the fact that “to solve a problem, joint effort is the must and single effort is not sufficient.” Millennium Development Goals have been criticized many times for its analyzing and implementation strategies. However, in the past thirteen years, lots of progresses have been made in the targeted fields. Some of them are; aiding the developing countries, combating diseases like HIV/AIDS to some extent etc. According to the source, 2005, there have been plenty of success stories. Ghana has reduced hunger by three quarters, from 34% in 1991 to 8% in 2005, and in Ethiopia the percentage of the population that was undernourished fell from 71% in 1991 to 46% in 2005. In stark contrast is the case of the Democratic Republic of Congo, where the percentage of the population going hungry increased from 29% to 75% over the same time period. Another success story is of Turkey, which has dropped the rate of child mortality from 84 to 22 and Peru’s. Some of the goals have been successfully achieved like poverty reduction, slum and water management ahead of 2015 according to the report of 2012; some are very near to success while some are sure to fail.
Many Millennium Development Goals have been achieved and a lot of people have been benefited. However, inclusion of all the people from all over the world is still a challenging issue. With two years left for the completion of the time frame, Millennium Development goals is at its pace.
We stand at the edge of danger. Every day if someone becomes owner of a million rupees in the world, then in the same world some go hungry and die, some are killed by fatal diseases and many are on the verge of getting ill due to environmental hazard. Especially the poor people from developing countries are rapidly being poorer not only in terms of economics, but in terms of environmental resources, human resources and the list is long enough to scare the statistics. What I want to say here is the problem we are seeing today, that has been addressed by the Millennium Development Goals should not be the concern till the completion of the time frame only. Some goals may be achieved fully and some may be left unfulfilled by this Millennium Development Goal. What next then? Are we again going to wait for another big plan or goal or agenda instead of starting from our own stand? Beyond Millennium Development Goals, I see a better concerned world with people ready to bring about change by asking help and giving help if this trend of global cooperation and mutualism goes on. On the other hand, without cooperation and mutualism, the actions to meet the goals may not be sustained.